- Order of the Bullmastiff - MicroWiki
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The naturalist Christopher Merret in his work Pinax Rerum Naturalium Brittanicarum has a list of British mammals, including 15 kinds of dog, one of which is "Molossus, Canis bellicosus Anglicus, a Mastif". When in Sir Peers Legh was wounded in the Battle of Agincourt , his Mastiff stood over and protected him for many hours through the battle.
Five centuries later this pedigree figured prominently in founding the modern breed. Some evidence exists that the Mastiff first came to America on the Mayflower ,  but the breed's further documented entry to America did not occur until the late 19th century. In , the Parliament of the United Kingdom implemented an Act called the Cruelty to Animals Act , which prohibited the baiting of animals. This may have led to decline in the aggressive Mastiffs used for this purpose, but Mastiffs continued to be used as guards for country estates and town businesses.
Order of the Bullmastiff - MicroWiki
Systematic breeding began in the 19th century,  when J. John Wigglesworth Thompson purchased a bitch, Dorah, from John Crabtree, the head gamekeeper of Kirklees Hall , whose dogs were often held in the name of his employer, Sir George Armitage. Dorah was descended in part from animals owned by Thompson's grandfather Commissioner Thompson at the beginning of the century, as well as a Mastiff of the Bold Hall line recorded from , a bitch purchased from canal boat men, another caught by Crabtree in a fox trap , a dog from Nostal priory and another dog from Walton Hall , owned by the naturalist, Charles Waterton.
Thompson's first stud dog, Hector, came from crossing a bitch, Juno, bought from animal dealer Bill George , to a dog, Tiger, owned by a Captain Fenton. Neither of these had any pedigree, as was normal for the period. Between and he bred the descendants of these dogs and some others to produce a line with the short, broad head and massive build he favoured.
In , T. Lukey started his operations by breeding an Alpine Mastiff bitch of the Chatsworth line, Old Bob-Tailed Countess bought from dog dealer Bill White , to Pluto, a large black Mastiff of unknown origin belonging to the Marquis of Hertford. The result was a bitch called Yarrow, who was mated to Couchez, another Alpine Mastiff belonging at the time to White and later mated to a brindle dog also in White's possession. Lukey produced animals that were taller but less massive than Thompson's.
After , Thompson and Lukey collaborated, and the modern Mastiff was created, though animals without pedigree or of dubious pedigree continued to be bred from into the 20th century. The bitch, Eve, bought by George at Leadenhall Market , was old enough to be grey-muzzled, but of good type.
The dog, Adam, was of reputed Lyme Hall origin, but bought at Tattersalls and suspected by Garnier of containing a "dash of Boarhound", an ancestral form of Great Dane. Garnier took them with him when he was posted to Canada and brought back their puppy, Lion. He was bred to Lukey's Countess to produce Governor, the source of all existing male Mastiff lines. Lion was also mated to Lufra, a Scottish Deerhound , and their puppy Marquis appears in the pedigrees of both Deerhounds and Irish Wolfhounds.
In the s soundness was sacrificed for type, which was widely attributed to the short-headed, massive, but straight-stifled and chocolate-masked Ch. Crown Prince. This dog dominated all of his contemporaries in terms of the number of offspring. Subsequently, the Mastiff lost popularity but gained a consistency of type, with leaner, longer-headed specimens becoming relatively less common. Prominent among the breeders of this era who began to restore soundness were Edgar Hanbury and his relation, the politician and philanthropist Mark Hanbury Beaufoy , later Chairman of The Kennel Club, who reaching his peak as a breeder with the Crown Prince grandson, Ch.
Beaufort, eventually exported to America.
Bullmastiff III : The Ultimate in Bullmastiff Breed Information
Despite such imports, Mastiff numbers in the US declined steadily through the s and the early 20th century. From to , only 24 Mastiffs were registered in the United States. After , none of these were bred in America. Priam and Duchess, along with fellow imports Ch Weland, Thor of the Isles, Caractacus of Hellingly and Brutus of Saxondale, ultimately contributed a total of only two descendants who would produce further offspring: Buster of Saxondale and Buddy.
There were, however, a number of other imports in the period between the wars and in the early days of the Second World War Those who can still be found in modern pedigrees were 12 in number,  meaning the North American contribution to the gene pool after including Buster and Buddy consisted of 14 Mastiffs. After the war, such puppies as were produced mostly succumbed to canine distemper , for which no vaccine was developed until Her sire had to be declared a Mastiff by the Kennel Club, as his parentage was unknown, and he was thought by some to be a Bullmastiff.
After the war, animals from North America predominantly from Canada were imported into Britain. Therefore, all Mastiffs in the late s were descended from Nydia and the 14 Mastiffs previously mentioned, with each all-male bloodline going back to Ch. It has been alleged that the Mastiff was bred with other more numerically significant giant breeds such as Bullmastiffs and St.
Bernards , with the justification that these were considered close relatives to the Mastiff. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dog breed. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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The Veterinary Journal. Archived from the original on 25 July Retrieved 19 August Schmutz 27 December Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 13 November Guinness World Records. The American Kennel Club.
Retrieved 23 June Mastiff Club of America. Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 4 April British Museum. Mastiff Period: Kassite Date: ca. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Chicago, Accessed 3 October Retrieved 7 June The New Book of the Dog. Schuler, Elizabeth Meriwether. New York: Simon and Schuster.
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Veterinary medical guide to dog and cat breeds. Archived from the original on 29 January Cynegetica Anglica 1. The Mastiff: Aristocratic Guardian. Doral Publishing. Conradus Heresbachius, councellour to the high and mightie prince, the Duke of Cleue: containing the whole art and trade of husbandry, gardening, graffing, and planting, with the antiquitie, and commendation thereof.
Archived from the original on 30 November Collins New Naturalist. Archived from the original on 28 February Wynn William Loxley. N; Holmes, E. Journal of Molecular Evolution. Archived from the original on 16 July Retrieved 29 May LDS Perspectives Podcast.
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Retrieved 23 January Dogs originating in Britain. Fell Terrier Longdog Lurcher. This book is the third edition, following in the footsteps of the successful "Bullmastiff Fanciers' Manual", and the "Bullmastiff Manual". This is the complementary book of the trilogy. Revised and edited to answer numerous questions asked by novice and experienced fancier alike. New information, new graphics and a whole lot of detail never before seen in other books.
A co This book is the third edition, following in the footsteps of the successful "Bullmastiff Fanciers' Manual", and the "Bullmastiff Manual". A complement to any Bullmastiff Fancier's library. Own the trilogy and be the proud owner of the complete set of Bill Walkey's books on the Bullmastiff breed. Learn from these books and pass the info on. This is your responsibility to the next generation of Bullmastiff fanciers!
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